CHIN Discipline Authority List proposed for the Humanities (Derived from the Art & Architecture Thesaurus), 2006.
This paper has been prepared from a research report produced in 1994 by Kerridwen Harvey for CHIN . The present document relates exclusively to the "Discipline" field and proposes a list of terms that should be used for that field in Artefacts Canada. Even though discipline-specific museums (such as fine art museums) may not record the discipline within their institutional databases, the use of the Discipline field is important in a central repository such as Artefacts Canada, which contains records from many different disciplines. Available in English and French.
The Gateway to Educational Materials is a large U.S. initiative with the goal of providing Internet access to educational materials. GEM has created a metadata element set, based on Dublin Core, with the addition of education-specific elements. Although not billed as a "standard", the GEM Element Set has been widely used; the metadata elements used in CHIN's Learning With Museums were based largely on the GEM Element Set. Available in English only.
A report quantifying the value of audience-based measures of success of a museum's exhibition or program using case studies of four Ontario museums and a review of online experiences for museum users.
A collection of basic guidelines for improving digitization standards at the Canadian Museum of Civilization, which can be used by other institutions as a benchmark to build their own standards.
From the Web site: "This document is intended as an entry point for users of Dublin Core. For non-specialists, it will assist them in creating simple descriptive records for information resources (for example, electronic documents). Specialists may find the document a useful point of reference to the documentation of Dublin Core, as it changes and grows."
Darwin Core (DwC) is a "profile describing the minimum set of standards for search and retrieval of natural history collections and observation databases". Darwin Core is one of a series of tools developed for The Species Analyst, a research project "developing standards and software tools for access to the world's natural history collection and observation databases"2 which is based at the University of Kansas Natural History Museum and Biodiversity Research Center. As noted on the Darwin Core Web site, "there is a commonality in the content of almost all collection and observation databases which may be exploited to perform ordered search and retrieval from these diverse data sets. The Darwin Core attempts to provide a set of guidelines for addressing this commonality regardless of the underlying mechanism for storing the record content". Available in English only.
This report is published by the DOCAM (Documentation and Conservation of the Media Arts Heritage) Alliance, as part of the Cataloguing Structure Committee. DOCAM is an international research alliance on the documentation and the conservation of the media arts heritage.
The report summarizes work to develop new methodologies and tools for conservation and documentation of media art, based on three case studies of works at the Musée d'art contemporain de Montréal and the National Gallery of Canada.
Through the three case studies, cataloguing practices and tools for media art are identified, and recommendations are made for improvements to these practices and for the development of a new set of tools for documentation and preservation of media art. This study will be the basis for a practical guide to cataloguing media art, which will be produced by DOCAM in 2009. Available in French and English.
Specifies the technical and informational requirements for digital images submitted to promote Virtual Exhibits Investment Program products or the Virtual Museum of Canada.
The Dublin Core (DC) is the most widely used metadata standard for resource discovery. Developed by the Dublin Core Metadata Initiative (an open forum composed of individuals from diverse disciplines and from all over the world), the Dublin Core is intended to be simple to use, and general enough to be applied to resources in any discipline. The Dublin Core defines the categories of information to record about a resource (such as a Web page, a document, or an image) in order for the resource to be easily 'discovered'. It has been approved as an ANSI standard (Z39.85-2001), an ISO standard (15836), and has been adopted within the Canadian, Australian, and UK governments among others.
The Dublin Core Metadata Element Set consists of 15 elements, which include Title, Creator, Subject, Description, Publisher, Contributor, Date, Type, Format, Identifier, Source, Language, Relation, Coverage, and Rights. These 15 elements are designed for simple resource discovery. However, in some applications, it may be necessary to refine or qualify the meanings of the Dublin Core metadata. A model called the Qualified Dublin Core has been developed to refine the meanings of simple Dublin Core elements through the use of element qualifiers or encoding schemes. For example, the DC.Date element can be refined to DC.Date.Created. Qualifiers can refine the meanings of Dublin Core elements, but not extend them.
It is recognized that the Dublin Core will not cover the potential needs of all users, and will not be sufficient for purposes other than simple resource discovery (for example, Dublin Core will not handle all of the information needed for museum collections management or documentation, rights management, etc.). However, it is intended that local implementations or communities of users (such as the museum community) will use Dublin Core as the "core", and develop their own extensions to meet their discipline-specific or local needs. In practice, this often happens the other way around - the museum will use a discipline-specific standard (such as the CHIN Data Dictionaries or SPECTRUM) in order to document and manage their collections, and extract a subset of their collections records which map to the Dublin Core Elements. These Dublin Core records can then be used for purposes of data exchange and simple resource discovery. This is particularly important for sharing data across disciplines, or in collaborative projects. The Dublin Core Metadata Element Set is available in English and French.
A project in the Netherlands, by the V2_Organisation, to develop strategies and models for documentation of electronic art activities. Based on the findings from a series of case studies, provides recommendations for documentation strategies, and provides a formal "Unstable Media Conceptual Model". Available in English only.
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